Changes to HGV driving tests to address the HGV driver shortage require caps on driver training charges and the introduction of mandatory mentoring schemes to work, according to Advanced Supply Chain Group (ASCG).
The global logistics company, which operates a fleet or more than 50 articulated lorries, is calling for more considered measures ahead of Government-led changes to the HGV driving test being introduced on Monday (November 15).
ASCG also believes reducing the length of driver tests is not the most-effective answer for getting more HGV drivers on UK roads.
Under current rules, a Class 1 HGV driver (category CE) must first learn to drive and pass a driving test for smaller Class 2 vehicles (category C). The changes will end this process, with provisional lorry licence holders able to go straight to Class 1 testing.
Scott Barry, operations director at ASCG, said: “Scrapping the requirement for Class 2 training and testing also scraps a valuable revenue scheme for training providers.
“Each driver will spend around £2,500 to obtain a Class 2 licence and then a similar amount again as they aim to upgrade to Class 1.
“Forthcoming lorry test changes mean that HGV training providers could see half their income disappear overnight, as drivers no longer have to spend on the Class 2 stage.
“These companies will need to recoup losses and it’s plausible they’ll do this by hiking up the costs of Class 1 training.”
Barry says that escalating costs of Class 1 would render test changes “useless”, as new drivers would be priced out of getting their licences.
“Serious thought needs to be given to placing a cap on training charges to ensure licences remain affordable for drivers and businesses,” he said.
Lorry testing changes will mean that provisional licence holders can take their large articulated lorry test without having to pass a test first in a large rigid lorry. This also follows other Class 1 test changes, where reversing and ‘uncoupling and recoupling’ exercises are removed from tests to make them shorter and free up more time to test more drivers.
“We’re going to have many more scenarios where a lot of new, provisional drivers are going from driving cars and vans to vehicles about 10 times the size of what they’re used to, added Barry.
“This is a big leap and, despite training and testing, can make the first few months of HGV driving nervy, uncomfortable and stressful for them.
“These circumstances risk causing a high dropout rate of new drivers. A buddy-type mentor scheme, where new drivers spend their first few weeks shadowing experienced drivers would build their confidence.
“They’d be able to tackle tricky manoeuvres like reversing with guidance and it’d help address any dangers created by shorter, potentially less thorough tests.”
Tests are being shortened to fast-track new drivers into the industry, with Government believing up to 50,000 more tests could be made available per year. ASCG believes a more effective route to achieving this would be to focus on pre-test steps to build driver confidence.
Barry continued: “In some areas, there’s around a 40% failure rate for first-time drivers taking Class 1 tests. More often than not, this is due to nerves. If the level of failures can be reduced, it would free up a considerable amount of resource to do more testing.
“Pre-test, more time could be allowed for new drivers to familiarise themselves with vehicles and run through what they’ve learnt. This could involve learners driving around a private area with no public roads to help settle nerves and wouldn’t necessarily require additional time from approved testers.
“If changes to HGV testing are to solve problems of driver shortages, they need to be much more considerate of building confidence in new drivers.
“Potentially shortcutting training and testing will not achieve this and risks creating driver churn that could make it more challenging for the industry to recruit and retain talent.”
Government review into HGV driver training
The Government has launched a review into HGV driver training with the aim of reducing the burden for existing and returning HGV drivers.
HGV drivers currently need to undergo five days of periodic training every five years to ensure they remain fully qualified to drive HGVs and buses professionally and up to date with road safety standards.
The training is an EU initiative and is compulsory within what is known as the Driver Certificates of Professional Competence (DCPC) regime.
Some drivers are left to pay for the training themselves and are not paid whilst attending their training course. Feedback from industry suggests this puts off many drivers who have left the profession from returning.
The review will look at how the process can be updated to reduce the burden on drivers – both returning and new – and ensure it does not act as a barrier to working in the sector.